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# What is Data Organisation and Data Analysis in Statistics?

In statistics, data is the king of performing any statistical operation and producing results as per the user’s requirement. So, organising the data is an essential task in data interpretation that will help you calculate various parameters in statistics. Also, we know that data organisation is one of the powerful strategies to analyse the performance of an organisation and day to day activities. This is because data organisation, analysis and interpretation play a significant role in organisational or institutional activities. However, the data which you collect is valuable input to assist in decision making and apply suitable strategies for organisational growth.

Data organisation generally refers to classifying and organising data sets to make them more useful for further analysis. One of the major components of data organisation is the analysis of moderately unstructured and structured data. As we know, unstructured data is raw, i.e., it is not formatted. This is one kind of data we can find in simple text documents, in which names, dates and other information elements exist throughout random paragraphs. On the other hand, structured data will be in the form of tables or charts that can be easily incorporated into a database. This data can be taken for analytics and perform some interpretations. Also, we have several statistical tools to deal with these data sets. Thus, various tools help us to organise data and analyse it in understandable and easily accessible formats.

Data analysis is another essential strategy for reviewing the performance of any institution or organisation. Data analysis systematically uses statistical and logical techniques to describe, illustrate, clean, recap, and evaluate the data. Let us take a simple real-life example to define data analysis. Suppose you need to decide on your daily existence, which may be related to a house or land purchase or any other action, by considering the various incidents that happened earlier and what will be the pros and cons of making that decision. This thought process is nothing but data analysis. Thus, data analysis involves studying the facts related to past or future events and making conclusions based on specific observations.

Data analysis will give us valuable insights and outcomes for support and decision making. Several steps are involved in data analysis, such as defining the objective, source and data collection, cleaning and presenting the data, performing required fundamental analysis, choosing, creating and testing data models, deploying the data models, etc. However, data management is an essential first step in operating practical data analysis at scale, which suggests necessary insights that add significance to your clients and enhance your conclusions on the data.

From the above, we can say that data organisation will help us arrange the data in a meaningful and useful form. In contrast, data analysis will allow us to clean, study and analyse the data effectively. These are the essential strategies in statistical analysis of the performance of any organisation or institution. Not only for institutions and organisations but also for various financial institutions and IT companies, data organisation and analysis are important tools for making the right conclusions and decisions.

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