A cavity (tooth decay) is a decayed area in your teeth. It can appear anywhere on your tooth, including the surface and underneath the enamel. Cavities are caused by bacteria that produce acids when they break down sugar or other carbohydrates. You get cavities when these acids destroy the protective enamel covering your teeth (the outermost layer of your teeth).
It’s not always easy to tell if you have a cavity because it doesn’t always hurt to get one. That’s why regular dental check-ups are essential; this way, your dentist in Blackburn can see if there’s any sign of cavities developing while they’re still treatable. If you notice you have a cavity, don’t wait until it becomes painful before seeing your dentist.
Who Is at Risk of Getting Cavities?
Cavities are more likely to form in some people than in others, but the chances of getting cavities can be lowered with good oral hygiene habits. Some factors that may increase your risk of developing cavities include:
– Enamel loss due to genetics – Brushing too hard or using a toothbrush that isn’t up to the job – Drinking sugary drinks – Postponing dental appointments when you have gum disease – Wheezing or coughing often because it forces mouth fluids through teeth’s grooves and around chewing surfaces, creating an increased chance of cavities forming
Who Gets Them?
If your home care isn’t perfect, you’re not alone. Cavities are common in adults and children, including babies whose teeth haven’t erupted yet.
Also, if your diet is high in sugar, it means you could be more likely to get cavities even without some of the other risk factors mentioned above. It’s essential to cut down on sugary foods and drinks throughout your life because what you eat can directly affect your oral health as well as how well you brush and floss. For example, brushing after eating a piece of candy won’t remove plaque from tooth surfaces or neutralise acids that bacteria have produced on these sugars. There might be more acid produced from the combination of brushing and exposure to sugars than when a person doesn’t brush at all.
What Are the Symptoms of a Cavity?
Even if you don’t see any signs, you still might have a cavity, so it’s essential to go to your dentist for an examination and x-rays. The dentist will tell you how bad your problem is and what kind of treatment is necessary. Some common symptoms include:
– A constant dull pain in your teeth and gums
– Swollen or tender gums
– Spots that always seem to reappear on your teeth after dental treatments
– Teeth that are sensitive to hot or cold liquids or foods
What Treatments Are Available?
If you do have cavities, there are several treatment options available, including:
– Fillings (tooth coloured or silver)
– Crowns (caps) – Root canal therapy
Cavities are severe, so always see your dentist if you have any problems with your teeth. If there’s a cavity in the early stages, they will be able to stop it from getting worse or causing more damage to your teeth or gums.