Whether you’re a landlord or investor, commercial property tax is one of the largest sources of expenses that impact net operating income (NOI). Understanding – and planning for – these costs can make or break your bottom line.
Commercial properties are subject to property taxes that are based on the value of their real estate. As a result, they have an effective commercial property tax rate (ETR) that can be very different from residential properties.
The assessed value of a property is the amount of tax that must be paid on it. This is determined by a local assessor using a variety of factors, including the condition of the property, high-ROI upgrades, depreciation or appreciation in worth, and comparable properties nearby.
The commercial property tax assessment process is much more complex than the one used for residential structures, but a good understanding of how local governments determine a property’s taxable value can be useful for both investors and property owners alike. The key to calculating a property’s taxable value is completing an annual income and expense form and considering multiple tax areas.
A commercial property’s net operating income is a major factor in determining its assessed value, as are rental rates and expenses that are included in the tenant lease. However, the commercial property owner also needs to consider debt service and sales taxes that are typically collected in the state or city.
If a tenant is paying rent, the owner should make sure that leases include a provision that allows for these taxes to be included in the monthly rental amount. This way, the owner can reduce out-of-pocket expenses and increase their bottom line by including these taxes in their overall income.
In addition, the commercial property owner should ensure that a significant portion of their revenue comes from rentals. This can be a difficult task for many owners, but it’s important to remember that the more rental revenue a business generates, the higher its assessed value will be, and the lower the taxes it will have to pay on its commercial property.
The most common method of determining the assessed value of a property is the market approach, or sales comparison. This method uses data from recent property sales and makes adjustments for differences in the property’s features. It is an easy-to-understand method and can be a reliable indicator of market value, but it may not be appropriate for all unique properties. The second most recognized method is the income approach, which uses an analysis of market rent and typical expenses to determine the taxable value of a property.
Tax rates on commercial properties can vary greatly from city to city. They can be influenced by economic conditions, local political issues and other factors. In addition to determining the value of property, they can also impact business operations.
The primary source of revenue for most cities comes from property taxes. They are calculated based on a property’s assessed value and can be used to fund various programs, including public works, schools and fire departments.
Typically, residential properties are subject to one rate of property tax while industrial or commercial properties may have multiple rates depending on the type of business. If you are looking to buy a business or commercial property, be sure to consult with a qualified real estate professional and an expert in commercial property taxes.
In New York City, the city council sets property tax rates each year as part of its budget process. This is done to keep property taxes as low as possible while maintaining a relatively stable rate.
A property’s tax rate is based on its assessed value, which is a market value derived from an individualized analysis of the property. The tax rate is generally higher for industrial properties and lower for residential properties.
When calculating the tax rate, assessors consider all income and expenses associated with the property as well as any tax abatements or exemptions. As a general rule, however, the tax rate on commercial properties should be equal to or less than the property’s annual assessed value.
Similarly, the property’s total assessed value should be equal to or less than its annual income. This will help avoid paying too much in property tax and will allow for a more accurate analysis of the property’s value and a more accurate assessment of its tax rate.
Commercial property taxes can be particularly confusing to investors who are not familiar with the industry. A knowledgeable real estate professional can provide a more accurate valuation of the property and guide you through the entire commercial property tax process.
While commercial property tax can be difficult to calculate, the potential tax savings can be significant. For example, a property owner can deduct the costs of maintaining the building’s exterior and landscaping from their commercial property taxes, thereby significantly reducing the amount that they pay. In addition, the commercial property owner can take advantage of tax breaks such as tax-exempt bonds and a lower capital gains tax rate on commercial properties when selling.
Increasing interest rates have been a major drag on the commercial real estate industry. Thankfully, there are some tax measures that can help you navigate the highs and lows of a changing interest rate environment. The most notable example is the levy on unpaid property taxes – a 6% penalty plus an additional 1% per month interest rate. While this is a minor detail, it is a big deal to owners who have fallen behind on their taxes.
To make it a little easier to pay your property taxes, the City of Houston has also introduced a new commercial property tax payment plan that provides a more manageable installment plan for businesses of all sizes. To get started, visit the website here or call (713) 949-7090 to schedule a free consultation today.
If you own commercial property, you need to know the payment deadlines for your property tax. These dates are important because they help you avoid late payments and penalties. You can find your property tax due date on the payment schedule for your town or county.
Generally, you will pay your property taxes in two or four installments, depending on the value of your property and the time of year you receive your bill. You can also use the online Property Tax Portal to make a payment or view your past payment history.
You can also call the county treasurer’s office to find out your payment deadline. The phone number is usually listed in the local phone book under the Government or County Assessor’s Office.
In addition to property tax, you may also have sales and rental tax levied on your business. These are collected by your state and city, so it’s important to include them in your budget when developing your operating expenses.
Aside from these taxes, you’ll also need to pay for maintenance and repairs on your building. This can be costly, so be sure to budget accordingly.
Finally, you will need to pay for insurance on your property and equipment. This can be difficult, so be sure to consult your insurance agent for assistance.
When filing business property tax returns, it’s important to list all expenses. This will ensure that you don’t understate your bottom line, which can lead to a higher valuation and higher taxes.
Whether you have a net or gross lease, it’s important to include the correct percentage of your rent on your taxes. The percentage of your commercial rent is considered by assessors to determine the amount of taxes that will be levied on your building.
It’s also important to file your annual and quarterly returns on time. The deadline for annual returns is June 20 each year, and quarterly returns are due on September 20, December 20, and March 20.