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5 Common Eye Problems We Should Learn About 

People often do not take seriously the signs of vision issues. They think that such issues can go away on their own, but they are wrong. Early consultation with an ophthalmologist can help you to improve your eyesight or even preserve your eye health at an older age. 

We often do some activities without thinking about how it can put our eyes at a risk. By considering such facts, the best Eye Specialist in Islamabad has come up with a survey to show how much people are aware of eye diseases. 

  • 47% of people have no idea that eye conditions do not affect all the victims in the same way. 
  • 1 in 5 people know about the real causes of eye problems.
  • 81% of adults say that they know how to keep the eyes healthy. 

Such a survey reveals how much people are aware of vision loss or its treatment. Having a healthy diet plan for the eyes is a natural way to prevent eye problems. 

But still, if you have any symptoms of your vision, it’s never too late yet. You can consult with an eye specialist and follow the instructions if you do not want vision loss. 

Symptoms and Treatments of Eye Diseases 

1. Cataracts 

Clouding of the lens is the most common cause of vision loss. Such formation of clouds in your lenses is known as Cataracts. A victim who is suffering from a cataract can’t see the objects clearly. Cataracts do not allow the light to pass through your retina, and here the problem begins. The most common symptom of this eye disease is that a person can’t see the light at night but with the glares. 

Visit your doctor if you ever experience such symptoms, or it can lead to severe vision loss. 

Symptoms

  •         Blurred vision 
  •         Cannot see clear things at night 
  •         Seeing glare around lights
  •         Faded color view
  •         Frequently change eyeglasses
  •         Dim vision 

Treatment 

The early signs of Cataracts can be cured with magnifying lenses, new eyeglasses, anti-glare sunglasses, etc. The other treatment is surgery, which involves the removal of the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial one. 

2. Diabetic Retinopathy 

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels in the retina. It often swells the retina and makes the blood vessels leak, pain, pressure, grow, etc. 

A person with diabetes type 1 and 2 is at risk of DR. People with diabetes should consult with an eye specialist for an annual eye exam. Retinopathy screening will help you to find if your high blood sugar begins to affect the retina. 

Symptoms

  •         Blurred vision 
  •         Impaired color recognition 
  •         Dark spots 
  •         Vision loss

Treatment 

An annual eye exam can help us to prevent severe retina damage because, at this advanced stage, there is no reliable way to cure it. The early-stage issue can be cured with laser treatment. 

3. Tearing 

When eyes produce tears all the time, it shows the sensitivity level of your eyes to wind, temperature, and wind. In some cases, the tearing can also be a sign of a blocked tear duct or an eye infection.

Symptoms

  •         Discharge from the eyes
  •         Pain and swelling of the inside corner of the eye
  •         Blurred vision 
  •         Crust forming on eyelids

Treatment

Ophthalmologists often prescribe eye drops, antibiotics for an eye infection, or a surgical procedure to clear the blocked duct. Many people wear sunglasses and prevent them from tearing if they have no severe infection. 

4. Glaucoma

When an eye’s optic is damaged, it is known as Glaucoma. Without treatment, it can get worse over time. Such pressure damages the optic nerve, as it transmits the images to the brain. It is rare to feel its signs at an early stage.

Symptoms

  •         A red eye
  •         Seeing rings around lights
  •         Blurred vision 
  •         Nausea 
  •         Eye pain 
  •         Tenderness around eyes

Treatment 

An eye specialist plans on your treatment after checking the damage or its condition. There are different treatments for glaucoma, including pills, laser surgery, traditional surgery, eye drops, etc. 

5. Dry Eye Syndrome 

Tears are a blessing in the term that they keep your eyes lubricated. Dry eye syndrome occurs when your eyes fail to produce adequate lubrication. There can be multiple causes behind inadequate lubrication. 

Symptoms 

  •         Eye redness
  •         Sensitivity to light 
  •         Scratchy sensation to eyes

Treatment 

An eye specialist prescribes the drugs to reduce eyelid inflammation. The doctor can ask you for your blood to make the eye drops as it can help to prevent dry eye syndrome. 

The Bottom Line

We should not take any risks for our eyes because they are the most sensitive body parts. According to the experts of the Shaafi International Hospital, an annual eye exam can prevent us from having eye diseases. 

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